Dating of parchment
A burned 1,500-year-old Hebrew scroll found on the shore of the Dead Sea was recently deciphered, 45 years after archaeologists discovered it, researchers in Israel have announced."The deciphering of the scroll, which was a puzzle for us for 45 years, is very exciting," Sefi Porath, the archaeologist who discovered the scroll in 1970 in Ein Gedi, Israel, said in a statement from The Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA).Instead, under the stewardship of Dolores Umbridge a Ministry-approved course of theory only would be taught.Minister for Magic Cornelius Fudge was afraid that Albus Dumbledore could use practical lessons to train an army of wizards and witches to oppose him and to try to take over the Ministry, since he refused to believe that Lord Voldemort had returned.Though the Assyrians and the Babylonians impressed their cuneiform on clay tablets, they also wrote on parchment and vellum from the 6th century BC onward.Rabbinic culture equated the idea of a book with a parchment scroll. One sort of parchment is vellum, a word that is used loosely to mean parchment, and especially to mean a fine skin, but more strictly refers to skins made from calfskin (although goatskin can be as fine in quality). In the Middle Ages, calfskin and split sheepskin were the most common materials for making parchment in England and France, while goatskin was more common in Italy.Seales analyzed the scans with a digital imaging software that virtually unrolled the scroll and allowed him to visualize the text.
Some Egyptian Fourth Dynasty texts were written on vellum and parchment.
This fascinating blog post about the history of vellum and parchment is written by Richard Norman, an experienced British bookbinder now living in France, where he runs Eden Wookshops with his wife and fellow bookbinder, Margaret, specializing in Family Bibles and liturgical books. a great library was set up in Pergamon that rivalled the famous Library of Alexandria.
The article originally appeared on and is reprinted below with the author's permission.). As prices rose for papyrus and the reed used for making it was over-harvested towards local extinction in the two nomes of the Nile delta that produced it, Pergamon adapted by increasing use of vellum and parchment.
This aspect of the mystery is currently the subject of a Mystery. The coded parchments have been published, the first time being in Grard de Sde's 1967 book L'Or de Rennes.
How de Sde came by them is not known for certain - he would only say that he was given them by someone closely connected with Rennes-le-Chteau.
Search for dating of parchment:
The genealogical documents have never been made public, although they are supposed to be one of the sources for 'Henri Lobineau's' work on the Merovingian survival that forms the core of the Dossiers secrets.